The Crime of Sedition: What Comes Next for an Archaic Law?

In this report, TrialWatch  covers recent legal developments, based on publicly available case material and monitoring of sedition cases, in India, Pakistan, Hong Kong, Thailand and Malaysia. In each place, 2024 will be a crucial year for either reducing or expanding the use of sedition to curb free expression.


Guatemala v. José Rubén Zamora

The TrialWatch Fairness Report assigned the trial of award-winning Guatemalan journalist José Ruben Zamora a grade of F. Zamora was tried and convicted in 2023 on charges of money laundering and sentenced to six years in prison.


‘Improper motives’ Behind Azerbaijani Opposition Figure’s Trial

There are strong grounds to conclude that the trial and conviction of Azerbaijani opposition figure Tofig Yagublu was retaliation for his criticism of government policies.


Global Britain, Global Justice (Report Summary)

This report by the Clooney Foundation for Justice and Redress sets out reforms that would close loopholes and allow for more successful cases to be brought in English courts against suspects of the most serious international crimes. You can find the full report below.


Global Britain, Global Justice: Strengthening Accountability for International Crimes in England and Wales

This report by the Clooney Foundation for Justice and Redress sets out reforms that would close loopholes and allow for more successful cases to be brought in English courts against suspects of the most serious international crimes. You can find a summary of the report here.


Section 20 of Pakistan’s Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act: Urgent Reforms Needed

Pakistan’s Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act (PECA) has been misused to target the press and suppress free speech.


Justice Beyond Borders

Justice Beyond Borders is a mapping project of the national laws on serious international crimes across 216 countries and territories.


Bangladesh v. Shahidul Alam

Photojournalist Shahidul Alam is facing 14 years in prison under a criminal provision that no longer exists. The proceedings so far have violated his rights in multiple ways, TrialWatch said in a preliminary report.


Mexico v. Kenia Hernandez

In a case that was monitored by CFJ’s partner the American Bar Association Center for Human Rights as part of TrialWatch, Kenia Hernández was convicted of aggravated robbery based on allegations that she robbed two people while participating in a demonstration at a toll both. The trial received a D.


Venezuela v. Vannesa Rosales

A teacher in Venezuela spent three months in pretrial detention and was criminally convicted after providing abortion medication to a girl who had been raped. A TrialWatch Expert gave the proceedings a grade of D.


Kazakhstan v. Askhat Zheksebaev et al.

Askhat Zheksebaev, an activist who was arrested and sentenced to five years in prison under Kazakhstan’s draconian ‘anti-extremism’ legislation, showed an “alarming disregard” for the right to a fair trial, the TrialWatch Fairness Report said.


Morocco v. Omar Radi II

The trial of Moroccan investigative journalist Omar Radi, who was convicted of national security offences and rape and sentenced to six years’ imprisonment, “involved serious violations of international fair trial standards,” a TrialWatch report that gave Radi’s trial a grade of ‘D’.


Hong Kong Special Administrative Region v. Tam Tak-chi

Tam Tak Chi, former opposition politician and radio host, was sentenced to three years and four months in prison in the first sedition trial in Hong Kong in over five decades. The trial violated the Tam Tak-Chi’s rights to free speech and a fair trial.


Cambodia v. Theary Seng (September 2022)

Cambodian-American lawyer Theary Seng was sentenced to six years in prison after a severely flawed trial during which the prosecution failed to present evidence of criminal conduct but instead focused on Facebook posts that expressed support for an opposition leader.


Abortion in Brazil: Substantive and Procedural Flaws in the Criminalization of Women

The criminalization of abortion in Brazil has a disproportionate, discriminatory, and intersectional impact across the race and income of the girls and women.