Russian Federation v. Server Mustafayev and Others

All eight of the defendants are Crimean Tatars, practicing Muslims, and human rights activists. The prosecution charged each man “preparation for a forcible seizure of power or forcible retention of power” and “organising” or “participating” in the activities of a terrorist organization.


Russian Federation v. Yulia Tsvetkova

Yulia Tsvetkova faces up to six years in prison for the alleged distribution of pornography to minors. The charges stem from Tsvetkova’s drawings of female genitalia on a social media page she entitled “Vagina Monologues.” The drawings were part of a body-positive women’s empowerment campaign.


Kazakhstan v. Alnur Ilyashev

Alnur Ilyashev was prosecuted under Article 274 of Kazakhstan’s Criminal Code for “disseminat[ing] knowingly false information” in a state of emergency on the basis of three Facebook posts that criticized the ruling Nur Otan party for corruption and incompetence, including in response to COVID-19.


Cambodia v. Ros Sokhet

In late 2020, the ABA Center for Human Rights monitored the criminal trial of journalist Ros Sokhet in Cambodia as part of the CFJ’s TrialWatch initiative. Mr. Sokhet was criminally prosecuted, convicted, and sentenced for non-violent political speech, violating his right to freedom of expression.


Uganda v. Moses Bwayo

Journalist and filmmaker Moses Bwayo was charged with unlawful assembly for shooting a scene for a documentary about opposition activist, presidential candidate, and musician Bobi Wine: the authorities alleged that the gathering and filming constituted subversion of the Ugandan government.


Cambodia v. Kong Raiya

Kong Raiya was prosecuted and convicted for “incitement to disrupt social order.” The case against him stemmed from Facebook posts in which he advertised the sale of t-shirts commemorating a slain critic of the Cambodian government.


Morocco v. Omar Radi

The trial of journalist Omar Radi for ‘insulting the judiciary’ based on a single tweet about a judge’s ruling did not meet basic international human rights standards for assuring a fair trial.


Poland vs. Elzbieta Podlesna, Anna Prus, and Joanna Gzyra-Iskandar

From January to March 2021, the American Bar Association (ABA) Center for Human Rights monitored the trial of human rights defenders Elzbieta Podlesna, Anna Prus, and Joanna Gzyra-Iskandar as part of the Clooney Foundation for Justice’s Trial Watch initiative.


Russian Federation vs. Anastasia Shevchenko

The Law on Undesirable Organizations is ripe for abuse. The term “undesirable” is vaguely defined as anything threatening Russia’s constitutional order, security, or defense. The law’s imprecision affords the authorities unfettered – and thus dangerous – discretion, permitting the de facto criminalization of movements and opinions that diverge from the government’s agenda. This was borne


Belarus v. Katsiaryna Andreyeva and Daria Chultsova

The entirety of the case, as evinced by the absolute lack of evidence against Ms. Andreyeva and Ms. Chultsova, was geared towards suppressing independent journalism and sending a warning signal to other media outlets reporting on mass demonstrations in Belarus.


Russian Federation vs. Svetlana Prokopyeva

Ms. Prokopyeva’s trial was characterized by serious violations of international standards that both affected the trial’s outcome and undermined freedom of speech in Russia. In essence, a military court tried and convicted a civilian journalist for exploring the possible reasons behind the bombing, and for expressing criticism of the Russian government.