Clooney Foundation For Justice


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TrialWatch® Sunlight is the best disinfectant

Courts are increasingly being used as a tool of oppression. In many countries, prosecutors and judges are used to imprison government critics and minorities.

In other places, a judge’s rulings can be purchased by the highest bidder. Judges can also be complicit in grave human rights abuses when they convict for ‘crimes’ such as homosexuality or blasphemy, or when they ignore the due process rights of defendants. Yet judges and prosecutors are rarely held to account. In some countries, courtrooms are closed. And even where trials are open to the public, proceedings can be long, convoluted and hard to understand.

In response to these pressing needs, the Clooney Foundation for Justice has developed an initiative focused on monitoring and responding to trials around the world that pose a high risk of human rights violations, We will monitor trials in which the law may be used to target a minority or silence a government critic, meaning that there is a likelihood of a politicized, unfair trial, and in particular will focus on trials targeting journalists, human rights defenders, LGBTQ persons, women and girls, and religious minorities.

We are partnering with the American Bar Association and Columbia Law School to achieve TrialWatch’s objectives. Read more here.


Through the TrialWatch Project, the Clooney Foundation for Justice will:

1. Shed light on what is happening in courts all over the world

TrialWatch has partnered with the American Bar Association to recruit and train trial monitors, including non-lawyers, who can observe and report on criminal trials around the world. These monitors will be equipped with key technology to facilitate their reporting in a consistent way.

2. Advocate for Justice

TrialWatch will work with legal experts to assess the conduct of trials according to international human rights standards. We will share the reports with international lawyers, journalists, diplomats and members of civil society who can advocate on behalf of the defendants and where appropriate fund legal advocacy to assist a defendant in pursuing remedies in regional or international human rights courts.

3. Develop a Justice Index

TrialWatch will gather data that will contribute to a Justice Index documenting national courts’ adherence to human rights and fair trial standards. This will rank countries according to the fairness of their


How to get involved

The TrialWatch Project will rely on the involvement of national partners.  If you want to become a trial monitor, or share information on your country’s criminal justice system:


If you want to identify a trial that you believe should be monitored, let us know:



Q: How does TrialWatch decide which trials to monitor?

A: In selecting trials for monitoring, we will consider a range of factors, including, but not limited to:

  • whether the defendant is a member of a vulnerable group;
  • the risks the trial poses, not just to the individual defendant, but to others, for instance where an unfair conviction might chill freedom of expression;
  • the nature of the tribunal and the law at issue;
  • and the value of shining a light – whether simply by virtue of a monitor’s presence or through advocacy – on that particular trial.


Q: What are the goals of trial monitoring?

A: Trial monitoring can help promote fairness in the courtroom in at least three ways:

  • it can foster transparency, providing a neutral report of what transpired;
  • it can protect defendants’ rights, as judges and prosecutors are more likely to guarantee due process if they know that their conduct is being observed and measured against international fair trial standards; and
  • it can be a tool to faciliate analysis and reform of the administration of justice.

Although there are organizations undertaking ad hoc trial monitoring in select contexts, there is no comprehensive global program scrutinizing the courts of the world; nor is there a global standard for how trial monitoring should be conducted.

TrialWatch aims to professionalize and scale the practice of trial monitoring. This means training a new cadre of trial monitors, including non-lawyers, through an interactive online course that will be publicly available in Spring 2019.  It means building a community of trial monitors working in courtrooms around the world.  And it means taking a data-driven approach to the practice of trial monitoring that will allow trials and judicial systems to be measured and compared.


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The Clooney Foundation for Justice is developing the TrialWatch project to limit the use of the courts as a tool for oppression.

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