Between 1997 and 2003, Sudanese government forces and their allied militias used a “scorched earth” policy to depopulate the areas where oil companies carried out oil exploration projects. As a result, thousands of people were killed, raped, tortured, abducted, and forcibly displaced from their homes.
A report by the European Coalition on Oil in Sudan (ECOS) found that one foreign oil consortium, known at the time as Lundin Oil, “worked alongside the perpetrators of international crimes” and installed an “infrastructure [that] enabled the commission of crimes”. The report concluded that the Consortium “may have been complicit in the commission of war crimes and crimes against humanity” committed by Sudanese forces during this period.
In 2020, following an extensive multi-year investigation, Swedish prosecutors served a “final notice” on two of the company’s executives for their alleged complicity in “serious international crimes” in Sudan. This is the last step before a decision to prosecute under Swedish procedural law, and the trial of the company`s CEO Alex Schneiter and its chairman Ian Lundin is expected to commence this year. The Docket works with Swedish lawyers representing Sudanese victims to support their representation in the criminal case and ensure that they can obtain appropriate redress through the proceedings.