International Crimes Related to the Gold Industry in the DRC

The illegal gold trade is at the center of violent struggles for power in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Government forces and militias vie over gold-rich areas, clearing the land for exploitation by committing crimes that force the displacement of civilians. According to the U.N., the mining and trade of gold provides the largest source of revenue to armed groups involved in the ongoing DRC conflict, considered to be one of the deadliest in the world.

Networks of foreign companies then buy gold from such groups but launder it using refiners and traders before they invest or resell it. And they generally do so without scrutiny or accountability.

The Docket is gathering evidence and working with relevant law enforcement agencies to ensure that those involved in such crimes are brought to justice, including through prosecutions in European courts.